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- General Terminology: Definitions of seismic hazard, vulnerability, fragility, risk, loss.
- Regional scale and urban scale risk assessments
2 Hazard Assessment and Characterisation of Strong Ground Motion
2.1 Probabilistic hazard assessment
- Time-independent and –dependent
- Hazard de-aggregation
2.2 Deterministic hazard assessment
2.3 Ground motion intensity measures (IMs)
- Macro seismic intensity: MMI, EMS-98 etc.
- Instrumental intensity: PGA, PGV, Sa, Sd etc.
- Different IMs for different physical elements at risk
2.4 Ground Motion Prediction Equations (GMPEs)
- Attributes, uncertainties
- Inter- and intra-earthquake variability
2.5 Ground Shaking Maps
- Site characterization
- Spatial distribution of ground shaking intensity
3 Elements at Risk
3.1 Physical elements
Buildings, lifeline networks (electricity, water and waste-water, gas and oil, telecommunication), transportation infrastructures (bridges, road network), essential facilities (schools, hospitals, etc), industrial elements and historical heritage
3.2 Social elements
Demographic data and associated socio-economic indicators for vulnerability assessment
3.3 Taxonomy definitions
Classification of physical elements at risk on the basis of pre-defined typologies
3.4 Compilation of inventories
Ground surveys, remote sensing techniques, census and owner/operator data, and crowd sourcing.
4 Physical and Socio-Economic Risk Assessment
- Correlation of ground motion parameters with damage to built environment
4.1 Direct approach- Level 0
- Seismological method, given epicentre and magnitude of the event, estimation of casualties
- Case application
4.2 Regional scale – Level 1
- Intensity-based engineering method, estimation of damages and casualties
4.3 Urban scale – Level 2
- Analytical method, spectral capacity-based vulnerability assessment, estimation of damage, casualties and direct economic losses
PREREQUISITES : -
DURATION &HOURS PER WEEK : 3 hrs per week / 3+0+0
GRADING BASIS : Homework and term project
REFERENCE TEXTBOOKS :
- Bozorgnia, Y. & Bertero, V. V. (CRC Press, 2004) Earthquake Engineering - from Engineering Seismology to Performance-Based Engineering.
- Chen, W.-F. & Scawthorn, C. (CRC Press, 2003) Earthquake Engineering Handbook.
- Assessing and Managing Earthquake Risk: Oliveira, Carlos Sousa; Roca, Antoni; Goula, Xavier (Eds.) 2006, 2006, XXV, 543 p. ISBN 978-1-4020-3524-1
- Handbook of seismic risk analysis and management of civil infrastructure systems Edited by S Tesfamariam and K Goda. ISBN 0 85709 268 5.
Boğaziçi Üniversitesi,Kandilli Rasathanesi ve Deprem Araştırma Enstitüsü, Deprem Mühendisliği ABD34684, Çengelköy, İstanbul